sunnuntai 3. heinäkuuta 2016

Reconstruction time - ww2 - Jälleenrakennus aika.

Four million out of the sixteen million homes in Germany were destroyed during Allied bombings in World War II, with another four million damaged. Half of all school buildings, forty percent of the infrastructure, and many factories were either damaged or destroyed. According to estimates, there were about 400 million cubic metres of ruins.


Allis-Chalmers HD 10W

International TD 18

In the west, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France. The Sudetenland reverted to Czechoslovakia following the European Advisory Commission's decision to delimit German territory to be the territory it held on 31 December 1937. Close to one quarter of pre-war (1937) Germany was de facto annexed by the Allies; roughly 10 million Germans were either expelled from this territory or not permitted to return to it if they had fled during the war. 

The remainder of Germany was partitioned into four zones of occupation, coordinated by the Allied Control Council. The Saar was detached and put in economic union with France in 1947. In 1949, the Federal Republic of Germany was created out of the Western zones. The Soviet zone became the German Democratic Republic.

Germany paid reparations to the United Kingdom, France, and the Soviet Union, mainly in the form of dismantled factories, forced labour, and coal. German standard of living was to be reduced to its 1932 level. Beginning immediately after the German surrender and continuing for the next two years, the US and Britain pursued an "intellectual reparations" programme to harvest all technological and scientific know-how as well as all patents in Germany. 

The value of these amounted to around US$10 billion (US$121 billion in 2015 dollars). In accordance with the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947, reparations were also assessed from the countries of Italy, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Finland.

                                                      Sherman M3A1 Dozer

Caterpillar D7


During the post-war construction boom, the Caterpillar company grew at a rapid pace and launched its first venture outside the U.S. in 1950, marking the beginning of Caterpillar's development into a multinational corporation.

Between 1945 and 1946, the Allied powers, in both West Germany and East Germany, ordered all women between 15 and 50 years of age to participate in the postwar cleanup. For this purpose, previous restrictive measures protecting women in the labor force were removed in July 1946. Recruitment of women was especially useful since at that time, because of the loss of men in the war, there were seven million more women than men in Germany.

                                             Lorain T6 and AC Mack 
          Truck Mounted, M2, MC-6×6 list name. 3/8 cubic yard Lorain Moto-crane.


The time of World War II, many truck mounted cranes were produced for the U.S. military by combining a truck chassis. The truck mounted cranes uses engineer troops, and general purpose lifting and recovery.

The crane was used in support the Army. In the background of this photo can be seen one of these gun tubes, still coupled to its prime mover. In the foreground, the battery’s crane digs the emplacement.
Taylor Jumbo mobile crane. Its made to assist handlings big bundles. Taylor & Sons made their own experimental lifting crane model. Configuration is made ex army Morris Commercials WD 4X4 Army truck chassis, and are hydraulic lifting mechanism

                             Coles crane. 3 ton mobile yard crane.

                                               Lima shovel and International truck.

Lima shovel machine


                                   Studebacker, white halftrack and Lima shovel


4 kommenttia:

  1. Interesting and great pictures as usual...and the 'Max-Dance' logo is wonderful!

    1. Hi, Phil
      Thank you for your comment, visit and kind words.
      Max-dance is like me, look at the world with large eyes
      Figure is (funny, yes, These little thing) authentic Finnish idea.

  2. A lot of interesting post war facts that I was not aware of or had even thought about. Very informative and thank you for sharing.

    1. Hi
      Thank you for your kind words,
      visits and comments